Transport in Lima
With 8 million inhabitants, Lima is the capital city, the financial and cultural center of Peru. Main universities (private and public) are located in Lima. Shipping, mining and industrial businesses are concentrated around and inside the mégalopolis.
Main highways and all railways lead to Lima.
Facing up megalopolis issues development, Lima has many challenges to reach.
Lima economic attractiveness generates strong rural exodus. Population grows quickly. It’s foreseen 12 million inhabitants in 2030.
Seeing a lack of main investments and political discord, public transport got organized in an informal way. “Mototaxis” and “Combis” appeared. Minibus, with flexible runs, don’t meet security convenience and environmentalism requirements.
I remember having got in a “combi” but also in one of those yellow pot of yoghurt cab and got stucked forever in traffic jam.
Buses are ageing and lines don’t fit anymore people flows within the capital city. New residential and working areas appear, inducing a public transport assets adjustment.
Aware of economic development issues around Limeniens mobility (Lima inhabitants), peruvian government and Lima authority responded.
Since January 2012, the metro line 1 has been running. It links Villa El Salvador to Gamarra with a train every 15 minutes. In near futur, line 1 will be extended.
Other projects are in process.
The World Bank established, according to their Middle-Income countries financial support, a public transport project for Peru. It is based on assisting Lima Authority to improve its population mobility in order to give them a better access to working areas. They work on safer and more environmental buses, more reliable and efficient commuting services.
Connections will be done by new buses. Cycle and pedestrian planning-tracks are in process. The World bank will finance up to 45 million dollars.
Last Febbruary, at the end of the discussion between National (peruvian government) and local authorities, metro line 2 construction was agreed.
This decision will compete with an underground metro line feasability study financed by France, approximately 1 million dollars, according to their private sector helping founds. French transport engineering companies Systra, RATP and SNCF subsidiary company, and building trade, Ingérop worked on a line linking North to South, areas with most growing population.
If the project is confirmed, french companies will win a 3,6 to 4 billions dollars contract.
At the end, 5 metro lines will be built.