A floating toll highway, Bali
Bali is one the 17 000 islands located in the indonesian archipelago. Local economy has depended on agriculture for a while but the thriving touristic industry of the island has changed, for the last 30 years, Balinese lifestyle.
Touristic development has mostly gathered in the south around the cities of Kuta, Nusa Dua, Sanur and Jimbaran. Plenty of resorts and hotel complexes have grown all along the coasts.
In 2012, Bali welcomed more than 2,5 million tourists.
The existing infrastructures, more precisely the road network, didn’t fit with that touristic boom. The increase of traffic ended to numerous congestion nodes paralysing the southern road network of the island making local and tourist angers growing.
Balinese authorities established a floating toll highway project in the south-east of Bali in order to make traffic density decrease. That structure has been thought to link Nusa Dua, Ngurah rai international airport and Benoa.
The initial project planned to build a raised highway but two main obligations forced the authorities to change it.
Firstofall, local government didn’t manage to convince the whole landowners to sell their land needed for the construction.
Secondly, there is a rule in balinese culture which forbids to build any kind of construction higher than hindu temples (maximum height = 49 feet 15 meters).
Finally, the chosen project was a 7 miles (12 km) toll highway located 10 feet (3 meters) above sea-level and based on 18 000 pillars. Said to be safe enough by experts, an only bike line will be implemented on the structure .
The project covering 5 acres (2 hectares) of mangrove forest, local authorities granted an amount of money to fix the environmental dammages due to work constructions. 300 000 mangrove trees will be planted all along the highway.
The work constructions, estimated at $274 million, are made by a Jasa Marca group subsidiary, the indonesian highway construction leader, also picked up to be the main operator.
First toll highway in Bali and seen as the future indonesian highlight, the structure should be running by july 2013, few months earlier than the APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) summit occuring in Bali in october.