Bosphorus strait, focus on Istanbul’s inhabitants
Since the Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits, agreed in 1936, the free passage of civilian vessels in peacetime through the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits and the Black Sea has been guaranteed. Strategic shipping route for hydrocarbon supply, the 50 000 tankers and supertankers (source : usinenouvelle.com) are an environmental threat for Istanbul because of the tricky navigation. That’s the reason why, the turkish Prime-Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, planned the construction of a parallel canal, « Kanal Istanbul« , to relieve shipping traffic on the Bosphorus strait.
Set up, the Bosphorus‘ banks are urban spaces appealed by locals. Recreational, place of worship, fishing zone, festive, shopping, touristic, cultural, multimodal transportation platform, environmental, the strait has many urban functions. Strait’s protection has become a priority in order to preserve an unique urban setting in the world.